Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the spirochete bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. It is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks. Lyme disease is named after the town of Lyme, Connecticut, where it was first identified in the 1970s.
The symptoms of Lyme disease can vary but often include fever, fatigue, headache, muscle and joint aches, and swollen lymph nodes. One of the hallmark signs is a circular, red rash with a central clearing, resembling a "bull's-eye," although not everyone with Lyme disease develops this rash and not everyone with Lyme recalls being bitten by a tick.
Lyme disease is most common in parts of North America, Europe, and Asia. Lyme disease is often diagnosed based on symptoms, clinical evaluation, and, in some cases, blood tests. Serologic tests, such as the Multi Peptide Elisa (MPE) and Western blot, can help confirm the diagnosis by detecting antibodies to the bacterium, although the in chronic Lyme cases detection through blood work can become tricky as this bacterium is very clever at evading the immune system.
Lyme disease is typically treated with antibiotics, such as doxycycline, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime, depending on the patient's age and the stage of the disease. If left untreated or not treated promptly, Lyme disease can lead to more severe symptoms and complications, including joint pain, neurological problems, and cardiac issues.
"Supporting Lyme disease patients means recognising the necessity to work with Lyme Literate health professionals, antibiotics are often required for a period of 2 weeks as an initial intervention. Beyond antibiotics, I emphasise the importance of nutrition and microbiome health to support the ongoing journey to recovery. Additionally, it's important to remain vigilant when Lyme disease has been treated, and symptoms persist. This could signal the presence of co-infections or environmental factors, such as mould exposure, that can contribute to a condition known as Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (CIRS), which shares symptoms with Lyme disease. In such cases, a thorough examination, including testing, may be needed to uncover underlying factors contributing to ongoing health challenges."
Lifecycle of a tick...
What you should know...
Timely diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease are imperative to prevent chronic Lyme borreliosis and its enduring repercussions on human health. Borrelia's adaptability includes altering surface antigens to evade the immune system, allowing it to infiltrate areas of the body with limited drug penetration, such as the joints and nervous system.
For clinicians and patients, it is vital to amalgamate symptoms and physical findings with the most sensitive laboratory techniques available to achieve an accurate LD diagnosis. The multi-peptide ELISA (MPE) surpasses the Western Blot (WB) in terms of sensitivity.
MPE detects antibodies against various peptides expressed during Borrelia's life cycle. Additionally, MPE also evaluates the three principal co-infections often accompanying LD: Babesia, Ehrlichia, and Bartonella. These components are indispensable for a comprehensive LD analysis.
Here at BeNourished we only use the testing panels supplied by Immunoscience Labs all other Lyme tests are likely unreliable and provide inconsistent or inaccurate results. Please note that you can purchase the test though us and shipping costs to and from the UK are included in the test kit price, however it is very important to note that you will need to arrange for your own private blood draw and make sure it includes CENTRIFUGE.
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